Unfortunately, no amount of antibiotics will get rid of your cold



The best way to treat most colds, coughs or sore throats is plenty of fluids and rest.  For advice talk to your pharmacist

Get better without using antibiotics

This page explains the need to get the right treatment for common illnesses such as colds and coughs without encouraging antibiotic resistance.

imagesCAKJ6WQRHow should I treat my cold?

The best way to treat most colds, coughs or sore throats is to drink plenty of fluids and to rest.  Colds can last 10 days to two weeks and may end with a cough and bringing up phlegm.  There are many over the counter remedies to ease the symptoms – paracetamol, for example.  Ask your pharmacist for advice.  If the cold lasts more than three weeks, or you become breathless or have chest or have chest pains, or already have a chest complaint, see your doctor.

imagesCAKJ6WQRWhat about my children, they’re always getting coughs and colds?

It’s very common for children to get coughs and colds, especially when they go to school and mix with other children.  Ask your pharmacist for advice.  If the symptoms persist and you are concerned, see your doctor but you shouldn’t expect to be prescribed antibiotics.

imagesCAKJ6WQRWhy should antibiotics not be used to treat coughs and colds?

 All colds and most coughs are caused by viruses.  Antibiotics do not work against infections, such as colds, caused by viruses.  Viral infections are much more common than bacterial infections.

imagesCAKJ6WQRWhat are antibiotics?

 Antibiotics are important medicines used to treat infections caused by bacteria.  Bacteria can adapt and find ways to survive the effects of an antibiotic.  They become ‘antibiotic resistant’ so that the antibiotic no longer works.  The more often we use an antibiotic, the more likely it is that bacteria will become resistant to it.  Some bacteria that cause infections in hospitals, such as MRSA, are resistant to several antibiotics.

imagesCAKJ6WQRWhy can’t different antibiotics be used instead?

They can, but they may not be as effective, and they may have more side-effects.  And eventually the bacteria will become resistant to them too.  We cannot be sure we will always be able to find new antibiotics to replace the old ones.  In recent years fewer new antibiotics have been discovered.

imagesCAKJ6WQRHow can antibiotic resistance be avoided?

By using antibiotics less often we can slow down the development of resistance.  It’s not possible to stop it completely, but slowing it down stops resistance spreading and buys some time to develop new types of antibiotics.

imagesCAKJ6WQRWhat can I do about antibiotic resistance?

By only using antibiotics when it’s appropriate to do so.  We now know that most coughs and colds get better just as quickly without antibiotics.  When they are prescribed, the complete course should be taken in order to get rid of the bacteria completely.  If the course isn’t completed, some bacteria may be left to develop resistance.

imagesCAKJ6WQRSo when will I be prescribed antibiotics?

Your doctor will only prescribe antibiotics when you need them, for example for a kidney infection or pneumonia, or if you have COPD and have a chest infection.  Antibiotics may be life-saving for infections such as meningitis.  By not using them unnecessarily, they are more likely to work when we need them.